Nature at its Benevolent Best
Mussoorie is known as the queen of hill stations. In 1820 Captain Young of the British army was influenced by the beauty of this place and made this place his residence. This marked the foundation of a hill station aptly called Mussoorie. The name, Mussoorie is derived from plants of ‘Mussoorie’ which were found in abundance here. When the plains of north India experience heat waves, Mussoorie provides a welcome break, overlooking picturesque Doon valley. From Dehradun one can hire a taxi or take a bus to Mussoorie.
7 kms. from Dehradun on the Dehradun. Delhi route is the famous temple of Chandrabani (Gautam Kund). According to the myth, this spot was inhabited by Mahirishi Gautam, his wife and daughter Anjani who is widely worshiped by the people. It is believed that the daughter of Ganga had manifested herself on this spot which is now popularly known as the Gautam Kund. Every year devotees, in large numbers, take a dip in this holy kund, 2 kms. away from the main road. Located amidst the Shivalik hills, the place is a major tourist spot.
45 kms. from Dehradun, Dakpathar is a beautiful tourist sport in the western Doon Valley, amidst the Shivalik range The place is connected by a regular bus service. Accommodation is available in a Tourist Rest House of GMVN with swimming pool facilities.
Rajaji National Park
Rajaji National Park is spread over an area of 820 sq. kms., the park with it’s magnificent ecosystem, is nestled in the lush valley of Shivalik ranges. It represents the flora of several zones of the forest, reverine, broad leaf mixed forest, chirpine forest, scrub land and grassy pasture lands. There are 23 species of mammals and 315 of avi-fauna here. Named after Late Shri C.Rajgoplalachari, popularly known as Rajaji. Best Tourist season is between November to mid June.
Situated on Rajpur Road adjacent to the Sai Darbar is the Tibetan Temple a temple devoted to Lord Buddha with all it’s rich Tibetan traditions, culture and ambience.
Located on the right of the Dehradun. Sahastradhara route, the Kalanga monument recalls the story of the bravery of a 180 year old battle between the British and the Gorkhas. Perched on the hill, 1000 ft over the bank of river Rispana, the monument represents the history of the rulers of Garhwal.
Indian Military Academy
Indian Military Academy was established in 1932. It is Situated 8 kms. On Dehradun-Chakrata road and 3 kms. Beyond F.R.I., Dehradun. It is a premier training institute for the Indian Army Officers. The academy has places of tourist interest that includes the Museum, Library, war Memorial, Arms and ammunition, Shooting demonstration room, FRIMS Golf Course (18 holes) etc.
Wadia Institute of Himalyan Geology
The Wadia Institute of Himalyan Geology is an autonomous research Institute of the Department of science & Technology, Government of India. The Institue was shifted to Dehradun from Delhi in 1976. It is named after the late prof. D.N.Wadia (founder of uphill from the Clock Tower. The institute carries out research in Himalayan Geology and related fields.
Tapkeshwar Shiv Temple is an ancient place of worship. The temple is situated on the banks of a rivulet in Garhi Cantt area. It is 5.5 kms. from the city bus stand and is well connected by road. It is named Tapkeshwar as water droplets, originating from a rock, fall on the Shivling placed in the shrine. People in large numbers participate in the fair organized on the occasion of Shivratri. The whole mela spot wear a glory look.
Robber’s Cave (Guchhupani)
An ideal place for picnic, Robber’s Cave is 8 kms. from the city in Garhi Cantt area. The last one kilometer is to be trekked to reach this beautiful cave formed by a natural rift in a mountain. Through this flows a very stream of water. The darkness of the cave combined with the sound of the fast flowing stream gushing past the feet gives it an unforgettable touch.
Situated near Raipur/Sahastradhara crossing Tapovan is famous for its beautiful surroundings and its auspicious nature relating to Hindu mythology. It is a common sight even today, to find hermits doing all sorts of penance to appease the Gods in Tapovan. Its location is approx 5 kms. from Dehradun. Lagend has it that Guru Dronacharya had done penance in the area.
The Educational Centre
Dehradhun is well known for its quality education standard and these high standards are due to the presence of century Old Catholic and Protestant convent schools. It is a home to over 300 high schools including the famous Doon School, which is considered to be the best public school in India. Some of the other peopular schools are:
Army School (located in Indian Military Academy
- Brightlands School
- Brooklyn School
- Cambrian Hall
- Colonel Brown Cambridge School
- Convent of Jesus and Mary High School
- Marshalls School
- Raja Rammohan Roy Academy
- (now known as Cambridge School)
- Riverdale High School
- St. Mary’s Convent School
- Shri Guru Ram Rai Public School
- St. Joseph’s Academy
- welham boys’ School
- Welham Girls’High School
- The Army Public School
- Neshville Day School
- Asian School
- Various Kendriya Vidhyalayas
230 km. from Delhi, Dehradun is set amidst a valleyin the Shivaliks, The foothills of the Himalayas at an altitude of 2,200 feet above sea level. Dehradun has a population of 447,808. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47% Dehradun has an average literacy rate of 77%.The city has cold winters season, mild hot summer, rainy monsoon season and a balmy spring season. The winter ranges from November to February in which the months of December and January are the coldest due to winter rains, coinciding with snow-fall in the nearby mountains ranges. While the spring from March to April are very pleasant,Summer lasts from April-May to July followed by good monsoon months till September. You can enjoy the magic of all seasons in Dehradun.
A CULTURAL TOWN
As the capital of the new State Uttarakhand (earlier known as Uttaranchal) Dehradun is bustling, energetic and line city, with a fair share of young energy poured into it. The famous Clock-Tower (Ghanta-ghar) is the center of activities, and a popular landmark of the city from where one can venture in famous pattern. A tall structure with 6 clodks; many efforts in the last years to revive the clocks have unsuccessful. The numerous high schools of the city attract the brightest of the best students from all over the country. During the day it is common to see students (dressed in various high-school uniforms) to be moving around the city. It’s a major hub of cultural activities round the year. The city has witnessed tremendous growth blocks, shopping centres and cultural institutions after the formation of Uttarakhand State. It is always a favourite destination for the retired army personnel. For the younger people, the popular downtown destinations include Astley Hall, Rajpur Road, Capri Trade Centre, Connaught place et.al.
A HISTORICAL TOWN
Dehradun, is the capital city of the Uttarakhand State (earlier known as Uttaranchal) of India, and the headquarters of Dehradun District. Located in the Doon valley, 230 kilometers north of Delhi, it is surrounded by the Himalaya in the north, Shivalik Hills in the south, the river Ganga in the east, and the river Yamuna in the west. The water divide of Ganga and Yamuna passes through the city. It is also located on the northem side of the fertile Gangetic plains of India. Before the creation of Uttarakhand on November 9, 2000, Dehradun was a part of Uttar Pradesh. In Hindi, Dehra is termed a camp. According to popular belief, the military camp located here, most possibly during Anglo-Gurkha war oritginated the name Dehra Dun. Some believe that the “Dehra” is referred to Ram Rai (Son of Guru Har Raj, the seventh Guru of the Sikhs.) He founded a Gurudwara here in the olden times. The earliest tangible evidence of the history of Dehradun dates back to 300 BC, as indicated by a rock inscription at Kalsi, discovered in 1860.
This inscription located at the northem outskirts of the city are kattributed to King Ashoka. In the inscription, there are 14 edicts carved on a rock and adjacent to these is the site where Raja Shilvarman of the Vrisheri dynasty made three horse sacrifices during his rule in the 3rd century BC. It is also believed that in Vedic times, the Garhwal Mandal, of which Dehradun is a part, was known as the Kedar Khand. Legend has it that Guru Dronacharaya, the royal teacher of the Kauravas and Pandavas in Mahabharat set up his known as Dehradun. Therefore It is also referred to as Dronpuri in history. According to the Ramayana. Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana under took apenance in Dehradun for killing Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. The next prominent rulers of the valley were the Katyuris of Garhwal. Next, this stronghold of the Katyuri dynasty, passed into the hands of the Sikhs and Mughals subsequently and later, the Gorkhas of Nepal ruled here for a long time. In April 1815 Gorkhas were ousted from Garhwal region and Garhwal was annexed by the British during British rule, Dehradun used to be the summer base for the Viceroy’s bodyguards. The British also established the Forest Research Institute in 1906, the R.I.M.C (Royal Indian Military College, now Rashtriya Indian Military College in 1922) as well as the Indian Military Academy (in 1932). In due course of time Dehradun became a prominent centre for education and developed as a military cantonment and settlement.
WHAT TO SEE
Sahastra Dhara, laterally means, the ‘thousand springs’ is at a distance of 11 kms from Dehra Dun. The place is a picturesque picnic spot. The Baldi River and the caves provide a breath-taking view. The water here has a fall of about 9 meters and leaves an incrustation of lime on all its touches. Particles thus accumulating over the centuries have formed a projecting ledge, and a sort of cave, from the roof of which falls a perpetual shower, There is also a sulphur spring known for its medicinal value, in which visitors often take bath. It is believed that, the water can cure skin infections and possesses other medicinal properties.
Malsi Deer Park
10 kms. From Dehradun,enroute to Mussoorie is situated a beautifully developed tourist sport lying at the foothills of the Shivalik range. Malsi Deer Park is a mini-zoological park comprising children’s park enveloped by beautiful land, natural surroundings. This is also an ideal picnic spot for tourists.
Lachhiwala is 22 kms. Off Dehradun while approaching from Haridwar-Rishikesh. An extension of the Rajaji National Park, It is a serene and blissful spot among tall Deodar forests with water springs running all year round.
18 kms. Away from the city along Chakrata Road, Bhagirathi resorts is situated in Selaqui village. From here one can experience a clear view of the majestic Himalyan ranges. The resort lures tourists with its swimming pool, water slides, fountains and other fun, floric & recreational activities.
Santala Devi Temple
The famous temple of Santala Devi is about 15 kms. away from Dehradun. A 2 kms. Trek takes you to this temple. The temple stands as a symbol of the faith and fervor among devotees people and it has a great cultural and religious singnificance. Santala Devi, alongwith her brother, on realizing that they would not be able to face the mighty Mughal Army. Abandoned their weapons and started offering pray. A light flickered and within moments they both were transformed into stone images. It is within the fort that the shrine was built and Saturdays marks the transformation of the Goddess into stone.
Asan Barrage water sports Resort
A famous water sports resort has been developed at the Asan Barrage by Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam in the year 1994. Asan Barrage was created in 1967 and it is popularly known as Dhalipur Lake. Situated 43 kms. From Dehradun on Chandigarh-Shimla highway, the resort offers facilities like water skiing, boating, rowing, kayaking, canoeing etc. During the winter season you can also see a fleet of migratory birds here.
The Zoological Survey of India
Fourded in 1916, the Zoological Survey of India, 5 kms. away on Kaulagarh road, a wing of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, is a premier National Institute exploring the faunal diversity of the country. It undertakes surveys in all the biogeographic zones to collect, identify, collate and inventories faunal diversity of our country. The museum of this institute has a variety of Himalayan faunal diversity.
Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP)
Indian Institute of Petroleum is situated at Mohkampur, Dehradun. Its major activities involves developing processes and products for petroleum refining and petrochemical industries, to provide technical services, to carry out R&D work, training of personnels in oil and petrochemical industries, assisting in formulation of standards for petroleum products for the country.
Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. (ONGC)
Founded in 1956, ONGC is the premier exploration and production company in India and accounts for 90% of the exploration effort, established reserves and production of oil and gas in the country. ONGC is a powerful organization with financial, technical and infrastructural strength to match any large oil company in the world.
Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC)
The Rashtriya Indian Millitary College (RIMC) was established in 1922. The College is spread over an area of 138 acres in Dehradun Cantonment area. The College is administered by the Union Ministry of Defence Army Headquartered at New Delhi. The primary purpose envisaged for the college is to find out suitable candidates and train them for National Defence Academy.
Survey of India
It’s the National Survey and Mapping Organization of the country. The Oldest scientific department of the Government of India. It was set up in 1767. The Survey of India acts as adviser to the Government of India on all survey matters, viz Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Mapping & Map Reproduction.
Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE)
The Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. The Council is the apex body in the national forestry research system to develop holistic forestry research through planning, promoting, conducting and coordinating research, education and extension on all aspects of forestry for ensuring scientific management of forest, tree improvement, forestry productivity through scientific and biotechnological research, bioremediation of degraded land, efficient utilization of forest produce, forest based value addition, conservation of biodiversity, effective agro-forestry models for various agro-ecological zones, policy research, environmental impact assessment and integrated pest management and disease.
PLEASE OBSERVE THE DO’S AND DON’T’S DO’S
Limit deforestation, make no open fires and discourage others from doing so. Choose accommodation that uses kerosene or fuel efficient wood stoves. Use of fire wood should be minimized. Carry away all non-degradable litter and burn or bury paper before leaving any spot. Extinguish any burning cigarette butts and dispose off glass bottles properly, they should not be left lying in the open but should be covered or buried. Avoid using polythene, if you do, do not throw it away, but collect it separate. Take permission before taking photographs and respect privacy. Observes the rules and regulations while visiting holy sites. Propagate and pursue conservation in cooperation with fellow tourist, guides and porters.
Avoid using pollutants such as detergents, in streams or springs. Abstain from graffiti and contribute in keeping environment clean. Allow the flora to flourish in its natural environment. Taking away plant, cuttings seeds and roots is illegal in many parts of the Himalayas. Nestled in the gorgeous mountain ranges of the Himalayas, Dehradun is one of the oldest and fast emerging modern city of India. Also known as the “abode of Guru Dron”, Dehradun has always been an important center of Garhwal rulers which was subsequently conquered by the British. The headquarters of many National Institutes of repute like ONGC, Survey of India, Dehradun also has a string of premier educational institutes like the Forest Research Institute (FRI), Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC), and the Indian Military Academy (IMA) besides a host of prestigious public schools. For years, Dehradun has been one of the best known educational centres in the whole Northern India. With Illustrious history, Royal, salubrious nature, hospitable people, cultural abundance it is the entry point to some beautiful hill stations, pilgrimage sites and to the upper Himalayas. The city is most favoured tourist destination of India.
WHERE TO STAY
- PWD inspection House (Rajpur Road)
- Circuit House (New Cantt. Road, Reservation-DM)
- Railway Rest Houses (Railway Station, Reservation-Station Supdt.)
- FRI Inspection House (FRI, Reservation Incharge Rest House)
- Survey of India (Hathi Barkala, Reservation-Asst. Surveyor)
- ONGC Guest House (Tail Bhawan, Reservation-GM Admn)
- YMCA (Rajpur Road, Reservation-President YMCA)
- MES Guest House (Cantt, Reservation-Garrison Engineer)